Picture Story

Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing

Getty Images/Ed Wray - Sport
Sabtu, 17 Apr 2021 08:00 WIB

Sumedang - Mungkin sudah tidak asing lagi Kawasan Cipacing, Sumedang, Jabar, menjadi pusat sentra senapan angin yang terkenal berbagai jenis dan bentuk senapan ada disini.

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Seorang pria sedang memamerkan pelatuk yang telah selesai dipasang di sebuah pabrik senapan angin kecil di Cipacing, Sumedang, Jawa Barat.  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Cipacing merupakan nama salah satu desa yang berada di Kecamatan Jatinangor, Kabupaten Sumedang, Jawa Barat. Cipacing merupakan satu diantara sejumlah desa pengrajin senapan angin di Jatinangor.   

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Di Jatinangor sendiri ada beberapa desa pengrajin senapan angin di antaranya Desa Cikeruh, Desa Sayang, Desa Hegarmanah, Desa Jatiroke, Desa Jatimukti, Desa Cilayung dan Desa Cipacing.  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Usut punya usut dari sejarahnya, Cipacing bukanlah lokasi pertama munculnya perajin senapan angin di Jatinangor. Desa Cikeruh yang merupakan cikal bakal berkembangnya sentra industri senapan angin.  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Munculnya perajin senapan angin di Jatinangor berawal sejak masa pemberontakan DI TII. Kala itu, warga sekitar diminta membuat senjata. Senapan pertama yang dibuat merupakan senapan yang sehabis menembak ditusuk bagian lubang selongsongnya. Warga menyebutnya dorlok (di dor, colok). Sukses dengan 'dorlok', keahlian warga meningkat hingga mampu menghasilkan senapan berpeluru lima butir atau disebut 'dorma' (dor lima).  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Setahun berselang, mulailah muncul pesanan kepada warga Cikeruh. Namun, pesanan awal bukan untuk membuat senapan, melainkan memperbaiki senjata yang rusak. Kala itu, warga menerima berbagai macam jenis senjata dari luar negeri untuk diperbaiki. Senjata yang masuk antara lain Diana pabrikan Jerman, Airsporter buatan Inggris dan yang lainnya.  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Sejak menerima pesanan perbaikan, warga mulai mencoba meniru senapan tersebut. Hingga akhirnya mereka sukses membuat senapan angin. Industri senapan angin mulai berkembang di tahun 1990. Bukan hanya warga Desa Cikeruh saja yang membuat senapan tersebut. Industri itu pun mulai merambah hingga ke desa tetangga termasuk Cipacing.  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Kala itu, ada dua jenis senapan angin yang dibuat yakni jenis pompa dan per. Sementara satu jenis baru yaitu jenis pre-charged pneumatic (PCP) atau jenis gas baru-baru ini mulai dihasilkan.  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Senapan angin karya warga Cipacing ini terbuat dari bahan yang mudah didapat. Senapan angin, berbahan dasar kayu dan besi. Sebelum dirangkai menjadi bagian utuh, bahan-bahan tersebut mengalami beberapa kali proses hingga halus dan berbentuk.  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith polishes a rifle barrel in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Industri senapan angin rumahan terbukti mampu berjalan hingga bertahun-tahun. Bahkan sudah banyak toko-toko penjual senapan angin berjejer di kawasan itu. Seorang pengrajin menuturkan untuk membuat sepucuk senapan angin memang membutuhkan modal yang cukup besar. Untuk model standar, Butuh Rp 950 ribu sebagai modal awal untuk merakit sepucuk senapan angin berlaras panjang dengan tipe standar.  

CIPACING, INDONESIA - MARCH 4: A gunsmith puts together a trigger assembly in a small air rifle factory on March 4, 2014 in Cipacing, Indonesia.  The small village is known for its gunsmiths who, despite smaller sales due to competition from big international factories, still make thousands of air rifles annually with most of them made in small back garden operations. (Photo by Ed Wray/Getty Images)

Penjualan senapan angin ada yang berdasarkan pesanan atau sengaja dibuat untuk dijual di toko. Biasanya dalam satu bulan, satu pabrikan senapan angin mampu menghasilkan 10 hingga 20 pucuk senapan angin.  

Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing
Yuk Simak Foto Kampung Senapan Cipacing